The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the FEMA-356 Nonlinear Static Procedure (NSP) and a recently developed Modal Pushover Analysis (MPA) procedure using recorded motions of four buildings that were damaged during the 1994 Northridge earthquake. For this purpose, displacements and drifts from the FEMA-356 NSP and the MPA procedures are compared with the values “derived” from the recorded motions. It is found that the FEMA-356 NSP typically underestimates the drifts in upper stories and overestimates them in lower stories when compared to the recorded motions. Among the four FEMA-356 distributions considered, the “Uniform” distribution led to the most excessive underestimation or overestimation indicating that the need to carefully reevaluate the usefulness of this distribution in the FEMA-356 NSP. Furthermore, FEMA-356 distributions failed to provide accurate estimates of story drifts for a building that satisfied the FEMA-356 criterion for detecting the presence of higher mode effects indicating the need to carefully re-examine this criterion. The MPA procedure, in general, provides estimates of the response that are much closer to the values from the recorded motion compared to those from the FEMA-356 NSP. In particular, the MPA procedure, unlike the FEMA-356 NSP, is able to capture the effects of higher modes. For a building that exhibits dominant effects of “soft” first story, however, neither the MPA procedure nor the FEMA-356 NSP led to reasonable estimate of the response.


Civil and Environmental Engineering



URL: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cenv_fac/152