Postprint version. Published in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment, Volume 4, September 12, 2005, pages 2265-2268. Copyright © 2005 Millpress Science Publishers.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author James L. Hanson was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
This study is conducted to investigate heat and gas production at a municipal solid waste landfill. Periodic temperature and gas measurements have been taken at approximately 140 locations within the waste mass, liner systems, and cover systems at a midwestern U.S.A. landfill since 1999. Increasing temperatures (1 to 15°C/a) were observed for newly placed wastes whereas steady elevated temperatures (50 to 60°C) were observed in older wastes. Liner temperatures increased at a rate of approximately 2 to 4°C/a and stable elevated temperatures in excess of 30°C were observed after 5.5 years and under 42 m of waste height. Anaerobic decomposition and steady landfill gas production commenced within weeks or months of waste placement. Variability of both temperatures and gas levels was observed in wastes due to seasonal climatic fluctuations at shallow depths, whereas relatively stable measurements were obtained at greater depths. The majority of temperature increases for wastes and liners occurs under anaerobic conditions.
Civil and Environmental Engineering