Cycling is a relatively low impact activity conventionally recommended as a rehabilitative or fitness sustaining exercise for patients at a high risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA) [1,2]. Expanding our understanding of knee joint loads is necessary to develop and improve evidence-based prescriptions for cycling as a rehabilitative and fitness therapy that limits the risk for knee OA.

OpenSim (www.simtk.org) is an open source biomechanical analysis software that can partition predictions of external joint loads (or net muscle moments) into muscle and joint contact loads [3]. Joint contact loads more accurately represent cartilage tissue loading and hence risk for cartilage damage and/or OA [4]. As a first step towards predicting knee joint contact loads during cycling, we hypothesized that OpenSim can predict external knee joint moments that are consistent with published data [5,6]. To address this hypothesis, we conducted cycling experiments and used OpenSim’s scale tool, inverse kinematics (IK) solver, and inverse dynamics (ID) solver to model the recorded activity.


Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

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URL: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/bmed_fac/85