Silicone Foul Release Coatings: Effect of the Interaction of Oil and Coating Functionalities on the Magnitude of Macrofouling Attachment Strengths
Postprint version. Published in Biofouling, Volume 19, Issue (Supplement), January 1, 2003, pages 71-82.
Silicone biofouling release coatings have been shown to be an effective method of combating fouling. Nearly all silicone foul release coatings are augmented with an oil additive to decrease macrofouling attachment strength. This paper addresses the effect of the type of oil that is incorporated into the silicone coating and the type of silicone coating itself (silica vs calcium carbonate filled) on macrofouling adhesion strengths to the coating. It was found that not only are the main effects of oil type and silicone coating type important in determining the magnitude of the attachment strength of the organism, but the interaction term (oil type crossed with coating type) is highly significant for all organisms studied, except oysters at the University of Hawaii test site (Oahu, Hawaii) which has a significance level of α =0.1. Each of the organisms exhibited a unique response to the various silicone fouling release coatings. Thus, in order to predict the effectives of foul release coatings, the composition variables of the coatings and the type of target organisms must be considered.
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