Postprint version. Published in Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 48, Issue 1, January 1, 2000, pages 1-14.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7976.2000.tb00261.x.
Off-farm labor supply in Canada is modeled using separate off-farm labor participation and off-farm labor supply equations, which allows variables to affect participation and labor supply differently. The data used in this study are from Statistics Canada’s Agriculture-Population Linkage Database, which links the Population Census for 1986 to a 20% sample from the Census of Agriculture. Results indicate that age, education and wages have large, significant and opposite effects on participation and supply, and that government efforts to stabilize and supplement farm incomes through rural employment programs may have less effect on labor allocation decisions than do the underlying demographic factors and regional and farm characteristics.
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