Presented at the 1999 AAEA Annual Meeting: Nashville, TN, August 8, 1999. 14 pages. Conference hosted by the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association.
Copyright © 1999 by Charles F. Nicholson and Philip K. Thornton. All rights reserved. Readers may make verbatim copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Charles F. Nicholson was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
In many parts of the developing world, the availability of sufficient food—food supplying sufficient daily energy and protein—remains a key challenge for many families, despite substantial increases in total food production in the past two decades. At present there is sufficient food produced to feed everyone in the world, but the available food is neither evenly distributed nor fully consumed. As a result, some 800 million people—200 million children— are food insecure, that is, they lack consistent access to the food required for a healthy and productive life (Pinstrup-Andersen, 1994). The roots of food insecurity and malnutrition are complex, but limited ability of households to produce and purchase food often is a fundamental cause. As a result, policy makers (governments) and development agencies are continually seeking to identify opportunities for people in rural areas to produce more food.
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