Postprint version. Published in Agricultural Economics, Volume 6, Issue 2, December 1, 1991, pages 177-183.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Wayne H. Howard was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5150(91)90023-E.
The Granger statistical test of causality was used to examine the relationship between total food imports and urbanization and between food aid and urbanization. Urbanization appears to have caused total food imports to increase in 13 of the 24 countries. Food imports appear to be a cause of urbanization in three countries. Food aid, however, apparently was a cause of urbanization in 16 of the 24 countries used in the analysis.
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