Long-term large deformation geohazards can impose excessive deformation on a buried pipeline. The ground displacement field may initiate pipeline deformation mechanisms that exceed design acceptance criteria with respect to serviceability requirements or ultimate limit states. The conventional engineering approach to define the mechanical performance of pipelines has been based on combined loading events for in-air conditions. This methodology may be conservative, as it ignores the soil effect that imposes geotechnical loads, and also provides restraint, on buried pipelines. The importance of pipeline–soil interaction and load-transfer mechanisms that may affect local buckling of buried pipelines is not well understood. A three-dimensional continuum finite element model, simulating the local buckling response of a buried pipe, using the software package ABAQUS/Standard was developed and calibrated. A comprehensive parametric study was previously conducted to investigate the effect of several parameters on local buckling response of pipelines buried in firm clay. A new strain criterion for local buckling of buried pipelines in firm clay through response surface methodology was developed. In this paper, the new criterion is compared with several existing in-air criteria to study the effect of soil restraint on the local buckling response of buried pipelines. The criterion developed in this study predicts greater characteristic critical strain capacity than in-air based criteria that highlights the influence of soil restraint.


Architectural Engineering

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URL: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/aen_fac/89