12th Canadian Masonry Symposium Proceedings: Vancouver, BC, June 2, 2013.
When hollow concrete masonry is used for construction in high seismic regions, structural designs typically require fully grouted walls. For a fully grouted 203x203x406 mm (8x8x16) concrete masonry unit (CMU), 52 percent of total volume is grout. Grouting process is labor-intensive, time consuming and has a high energy demand due to requirements of consolidation in each and subsequent grout lifts. Self-consolidating grout with admixtures has been successfully used without segregation in walls of up to 3.86 m (12.67 ft.) in height. Investigation of self-consolidating grout mixes without admixtures has potential for sustainability improvement. This paper reports on the compression strength and consolidation observations of self-consolidating characteristics of no vibration/no admixture grout made by substituting various proportions of Portland cement with Type F fly ash and/or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS). The percentages of Portland cement replacement were 0%, 50%, 60%, and 70% for Type F fly ash replacement. The percentages of Portland cement replacement were 0%, 60%, 70% and 80% for Type F fly ash and GGBFS. Compression test specimens were made from individual 203x203x406 mm (8x8x16) concrete masonry hollow core units, where the cells were filled with no vibration/ no admixture grout. The specimens were dry cured and compression testing performed at 7, 14, 28, 42, 56, and 130 days. Consolidation testing specimen walls were 3.86 m (12.67 ft.) tall by 1.22 m (4.0 ft.) long with 203x203x406 mm (8x8x16) CMU. The relative performance assessed by comparing to traditional grouted masonry and evaluating consolidation characteristics around mortar fins and reinforcement at 130 days as well as compressive strength of the grout at various wall heights.
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